Paul Ashton, The Accidental City: Planning Sydney since 1788, Hale & Iremonger, 1995.
Australian Industrial Court, decision to de-register the Sydney BLF: 23 F.L.R. 356 (1974.)
Margo Beasley, Wharfies: The History of the Waterside Workers' Federation, 1996.
Builders Labourers' Federation (BLF): List of Green Bans, as at 15 June 1973; 22 October 1973; 5 June 1974; Joe Owens Deposit, Noel Butlin Archive, Australian National University.
Builders' Labourer, NSW Builders Labourers' Federation journal, 1971-1973: see articles by Jack Mundey ('The Social Conscience of a City') and Patrick White ('Civilisation, Money and Concrete').
Meredith Burgmann and Verity Burgmann, Green Bans, Red Union: Environmental Activism and the NSW Builders Labourers' Federation, UNSW Press, Sydney, 1998.
Verity Burgmann, ‘The Green Bans Movement: Workers' Power and Ecological Radicalism in Australia in the 1970s’, 2008.
Edmund Campion, Rockchoppers: Growing up Catholic in Australia, Penguin, 1982.
Edmund Campion, A Place in the City, Penguin, 1994.
City of Sydney Strategic Plans, 1971 and 1977.
CFMEU (Construction) [former BLF]: Paul True, Green Bans History; also Labor Notes (US) The Australian Green Bans: When Construction Workers Went on Strike for the Environment by Steve Morse, 3020 at
Commonwealth Parliamentary Joint Committee Report on the National Crime Authority and James McCartney Anderson, 1994. [Appendix 2: An investigation into the circumstances of the NCA investigation into the disappearance of Juanita Nielsen, pp. 153-208.]  View the report as a single document - (PDF 6170KB)

James Colman, The House That Jack Built: Jack Mundey, Green Bans Hero, NewSouth Publishing, Sydney, 2016.
Anne Coombs, Sex and Anarchy: The Life and Death of the Sydney Push, Viking, 1996. [Victoria Street, pp.296–299.]
Grant Evans, “How Green Is Your Alley? An Interview with Joe Owens,” The Living Daylights 1, no. 2 (October 23, 1973). Pages 16–17.

Maurice T. Daly, Sydney Boom, Sydney Bust: The City and Its Property Market, 1850-1981, Allen & Unwin, 1982.
George Farwell and Jean Johnson, Requiem for Woolloomooloo, 1971.
Shirley Fitzgerald, 'The Battle of Woolloomooloo' in Sydney 1842-1992, Hale & Iremonger, 1992.
Marion Hardman and Peter Manning, Green Bans: The Story of an Australian Phenomenon, Australian Conservation Foundation Publications, 1975. Review at National Times, ‘The Green Ban People’, August, 1975, p. 32. Download pdf

David Hickie, The Prince and the Premier: the story of Perce Galea, Bob Askin and the others who gave organised crime its start in Australia. (1985)

Housing Commission NSW, Woolloomooloo Development Newsletter: 18 July 1975; No 4, May 1976; No 5 June 1977. Housing NSW Library.
Inner Sydney RAG, issue 'Living in the inner city—a question of survival', November 1973.
Colin James, 'Class War, Conflict and the Rebirth of Woolloomooloo', in G.P. Webber (ed) The Design of Sydney: Three Decades of Change in the City Centre, 1988.
Pip Kalajzich (ed), The Battlers for Kelly's Bush, c1996. [84 p: illus.]
Greg Mallory, Uncharted Waters: Social Responsibility in Australian Trade Unions; Foreword by Jack Mundey, 2005..
Ian Milliss and Theresa Brennan, 'In Memory of Victoria Street' in Ian Milliss the Invisible Artist, retrospective documents at artist website.
Jack Mundey, 'Interview', Australian Left Review, December 1973.
Jack Mundey, 'Green Bans for Urban Quality', Habitat, 2, Australian Conservation Foundation, June 1974.
Jack Mundey, Green Bans & Beyond, autobiography, 1981.
Jack Mundey, 'Urban Development and the Common Man', The Developer, No 1, 1974. Speech to the Urban Development Institute of Australia, March 1974.
Greg Mallory, Uncharted Waters: Social Responsibility in Australian Trade Unions, 1995; foreword by Jack Mundey.
National Trust Bulletin, National Trust of Australia, NSW: see 'Trust Report on Woolloomooloo', April 1975.
Juanita Nielsen, 'Preliminary Housing Proposals for W'Loo' and 'Street Violence', NOW, 30 July 1974. See also other articles by Nielsen on the issue.
Juanita Nielsen, Inquest Transcript, 29-30 September 1983, Glebe Coroner's Court, NSW.
NOW, independent newspaper published by Juanita Nielsen, October 1968 to July 1975.
NOW or Never, special issue, No 1, 30 July 1975, published by S. de Merci for the Victoria St. Action Group. A broadsheet on Juanita Nielsen's work and the conflict; calls for an investigation into her disappearance. Illustrated cover with portrait and quote by G.B. Shaw, "The ultimate form of censorship is assassination."
Zula Nittim, 'The Coalition of Resident Action Groups' in Jill Roe (ed.,) Twentieth Century Sydney Studies in Urban and Social History, 1980.
NSW RAIA Chapter John Devenish, residential design rehabilitation and infill, NSW Building Society Housing Awards, 1982, no 12. Awarded "With respect to its context but without a slavish copying of its neighbours."
NSW RAIA Chapter Bulletin, 1982, no 12, p 1, 6, 7: 'Urban Consolidation' by Jean Rice, a draft State Environment Planning Policy and Medium Density Public Housing for Comment; to set a standard of height, density, landscaped area and private open space. Other objectives include reduce house prices, public sector costs, increase housing variety etc.
NSW RAIA Chapter Bulletin, 1982, no 11, p15. From Chris Johnson, president: "There will be no radical shift to street marches, demonstrations and burning bad buildings. There will however be an attitudinal shift away from establishment and big business towards the community and quality of design."
NSW RAIA Chapter Bulletin, 1982, no 10, p16: Plunkett Public School re-located into Woolloomoollo is part of the plan for revival of a derelict area.
NSW RAIA Chapter Bulletin, 1982, no 6: Interview with Jack Mundey by Dinah Fisher. Mundey emphasises the importance of social responsibility and urban environment for example priority to public transport improvement over car parks.
NSW RAIA Chapter Bulletin,, 1982, no 4, p1 and 6: Joan Slottboom, 'Rural Bank 1935-198?' Summary: The NSW Chapter of the RAIA and Heritage Council support the preservation of the Rural Bank Martin Place.
NSW RAIA Chapter Bulletin, 1982, no 3, p46: Council reports resolutions against demolition of Rural Bank Martin Place including public meeting on 25 February and formal submissions to City Council to back up National Trust submissions.
NSW RAIA Chapter Bulletin, John Devenish, NSW Permanent Building Society, Awards, vol.38 (1981), no.6, p.15. Third place Multiple Dwellings.
NSW RAIA Chapter Bulletin, Merit Award, category 3 Multiple Housing, 1981: vol.38 (1981), no.10, p.11. For attached houses Forbes St Woolloomooloo, Allan Jack and Cottier; Housing Commission of NSW, John Devenish, Forbes and Nicholson Sts.
NSW RAIA Chapter Bulletin, Merit Award, category 7, Civic Design, 1981, vol.38 (1981), no.10, p.11. For works improving the Public Environment: Denis Winston Place, Housing Commission of NSW.
NSW RAIA Chapter Bulletin, Woolloomooloo development, RAIA review and position, vol.33 (1976), no.7, p.6-7 Summary and conclusion of the submission to the House Commission of NSW on the exhibition of schematic designs for the Woolloomooloo basin held during March. More considerations should given to the project such as more research should be carried out to determine the optimum population for the area, the diversity of use, relationship with the harvour, privately-owned dwellings, car parking, planting programmes, development of massing or envelope controls, control of colour and materials to ensure a cohesive and integrated development…etc.
NSW RAIA Chapter Bulletin, Woolloomooloo redevelopment, NSW RAIA committee formed, vol.30 (1974) no.8, p.4 New Task, "the Central Urban Committee is undertaking a reappraisal of Woolloomooloo redevelopment and would welcome assistance from members in the form of comments or suggestions."
NSW RAIA Chapter Bulletin, Woolloomooloo redevelopment, NSW RAIA position, vol.29 (1973) no.1, p.4, Woolloomooloo redevelopment attracted wide comment and the statement combined the general views expressed in two reports compiled by the central urban committee.
NSW RAIA Chapter Bulletin, Council Decisions, 1971, no.7, p.4-5, the Chapter supported these fright for the "Kelly's Bush" to be "Open Space Recreation" and to be used for residential subdivision.
NSW RAIA Chapter Bulletin, Victoria Street, NSW RAIA support for preservation, vol.27, 1971, no.12, p.1Council Decisions: "The President write to the Lord Mayor of Sydney urging an Action Plan for the preservation of Victoria Street and Challis Avenue, Kings Cross in their present form."
Parliamentary Debates (Legislative Assembly, NSW), 11 May 1994, p 2295, 13 May 1994, p 2811

Rocks Peoples Plan Committee, A People's Plan for the Rocks, Sydney, 1972.
Peter Rees, Killing Juanita: A True Story of Murder and Corruption, 2004.
Andrew Reeves, A Tapestry of Australia: The Sydney Wharfies Mural, Waterside Workers Federation Sydney Port, 1992.
Lee Rhiannon, Green Bans: Inspirational Activism. 2016.
Richard J Roddenwig, Green Bans: The Birth of Australian Environmental Politics: a study in public opinion and participation, Hale & Iremonger, 1978.
Vincent Smith, 'The Battle of Victoria St', Architecture Australia, June-July 1976. [With illustrations of Theeman's proposals.]
Peter Spearitt, Twentieth Century Sydney: Studies in Urban and Social Geography, 1973, p236.
Harry Stein, A Glance over an Old Left Shoulder, with a forward by Tom Uren, 1994.
Anne Summers, Wendy Bacon and others (Dave Morrissey, Ruth Gregory and Syd Shelton), The little green book. The facts on green bans, Tomato Press, 1973. Printed and distributed by the union. [31p, photos, map, 13cm.]

Sydney Cove Redevelopment Authority, Redevelopment Scheme for East Rocks, 1973.
Pete Thomas, Taming the Concrete Jungle: The Builders Labourer's Story, 1972.
Paul True, It must be true ... it's in the papers! Building workers and the press: 160 years of anti-union propaganda, NSW Branch CFMEU, 1999.
Paul True, Tales of the BLF... Rolling the Right! The battle of the Builders Labourers rank and file in New South Wales 1951-1964, Sydney: Militant International Publications, 2003.
Alison Wishhart, “Parks for the People: Eastlakes, Jack Mundey, and the Green Bans”, Overland, 2022:
Note Overland is an open access journal.
Patrick White, Patrick White Speaks, "Civilisation, Concrete and Money", Builders' Labourer, Sept-Dec 1973. Reprinted in Patrick White Speaks, Collected Essays.
James Wallace PL., The Redevelopment of the Rocks Area, 1964. [18 p., illus, plans, maps.]
Caleb Williams, Protest!: Environmental activism in NSW 1968-1998, 1998. Book accompanying exhibition at Police and Justice Museum. Essays: Brent Hoare, James Johnson, Jack Mundey, Caleb Williams.

Personal Papers

Builders Labourers' Federation (NSW BLF): Australian Building Construction Employees and Builders' Labourers Federation, Archives at Noel Butlin Archive, Australian National University. (Deposits by Meredith Burgmann, Joe Owens, Bob Pringle.)
George Clarke Papers, 1970-1979, City of Sydney Archives.
Shirley Fitzgerald, Contemporary newspaper clippings: Victoria Street and Woolloomooloo Files, City of Sydney Archives.
Brenda Humble, papers. (Obituary SMH, 1933-2011.) Courtesy Jackie Wilson.

Jack Mundey, Trades Hall Collection, Unions NSW.
Joe Owens and Bob Pringle at Noel Butlin Archives, ANU: Z235. Joseph Owens, Trade union activist (period 1960–1992) and Z331. Bob Pringle, Trade union activist (period 1962–19740) Rough minute books of the NSW Branch of the Builders Labourers Federation.

Audios, Films, Interviews & Websites

ABC: Rocks Green Bans, 1 Apr 2011. ABC Archive footage of the Rocks Green Bans. Creative Commons License Non-commercial.
ABC TV and Radio: Mick Fowler, 115 Victoria St, ABC, 1979. Wendy Bacon, ABC, 1974. The Juanita Nielsen Mystery (ABC): Radio Double J documentary looking at the conflict between residents of Victoria St in Kings Cross and developers, 1977. Video: ABC TV 1976, ABC TV This Day Tonight, 'One year after Juanita's disappearance'; ABC TV 2004, 7.30 Report, 'Fresh allegations about the unsolved Juanita case'.

ABC Radio National: ‘Behind the Juanita Nielsen mystery is another, forgotten cold case’, by Michael Dulaney for Unravel: Juanita, Jul 2021.

ABC podcast ‘Unravel True Crime: Juanita Podcast’, June 2021. Host Keiran McGee -
Juanita: A Family Mystery documentary at

Sarah Barns, recording: Mick Fowler's Funeral at contact:
Sarah Barns: Experimental Soundscape, Victoria Street Soundwalk [with archival film footage] at

Pat Fiske, Woolloomooloo, 1978. Produced and directed by Pat Fiske. 70 minutes, DVD and 16mm. Courtesy National Film and Sound Archive.
Pat Fiske, Rocking the Foundations: A History of the NSW Builders Labourers Federation 1947–1974, 1986. 92 minutes, DVD and 16mm. Produced and directed by Pat Fiske. Courtesy Ronin Films.
Mick Fowler and the Fowlhouse Five: recorded fifteen tracks including “Hindustan” and the “Victoria Street Parade”. For the latter song, Mick changed the lyrics and the title of the classic “Bourbon Street Parade”. In 1979 for Mick Fowler's funeral jazz musicians walked down Victoria St playing 'Green Bans Forever'. See specialist Jazz sites for deleted or out of copyright recordings.

Jack Mundey, Interviews with:

Jack Mundey, ABC702, 5 February 2010:

Jack Mundey AO is one of Australia's leading environmental crusaders. Podcast of radio interview at: 

Jack Mundey Interview ABC 1999: Download as pdf

Resident Action Groups: Local History / Oral History

Millers Point Community: A site recording the living history of Millers Point - the place and its people. At fictional films Heatwave and The Killing of Angel Street.

Green Bans: chronological bibliography of individual green bans, 1971-1975

Kelly’s Bush 

Margaret Shaw, The history of the battle to save Kelly's bush and the Green Ban Movement in the early 1970's, (Includes bibliographical references), 1996; Pip Kalajzich, ed., The Battlers for Kelly's Bush. Thirteen women and the world's first green ban, (Includes bibliographical references), 1996; National Museum of Australia, ‘Kelly’s Bush, The First Green Ban at

Eastlakes (late-1971)

Research provided by Bayside Council, Botany Library and Isabella Maher:
Eastlakes residents press for parkland, Sydney Morning Herald, November 8, 1971
Child's plea - for trees and a park, Sydney Morning Herald, November 9, 1971
Residents seak union black ban, Sydney Morning Herald, March 5, 1973
Bans big setback to Sydney, Sydney Morning Herald, April 5, 1973
Mayoral Minute, Vale Jack Mundey, 27 May, 2020
The Suburb of Eastlakes, Extract from Conroy History

The Rocks & Millers Point (late-1971)

Victoria Street (late-1971) & Woolloomooloo (April 1973)

Wendy Bacon, address to 'Mick Fowler, the last tenant of Victoria Street', 5 May 1976.
Isadore Brodsky, Sydney's Little World of Woolloomooloo, 1966.
University of Sydney News, ‘Winston Square Opens’, 21 October 1981. Download as pdf

Merilyn Fairskye and Michiel Dolk, "Bob Askin loves Laura Norder—Save the loo Now", on Woolloomooloo Green Ban Murals, 1982. Photocopy pamphlet.

Len Fox, East Sydney Sketches,1991.
Brenda Humble, Save the 'Loo Now, Inner Sydney Regional Council for Social Development, Sydney, 1977.

Juanita Nielsen's home and office of NOW at 202 Victoria Street, Heritage Listing campaign: and
Honora Wilkinson, Watch on The 'Loo 1920-1980, R.O.W. (Residents of Woolloomooloo) Group, 1983.

Woolloomooloo Review (a community newsletter issued monthly to residents), May 1990, 'The History of the Woolloomooloo R.R.A.G’. Luke Houlihan, “The Battle for the Loo—How it was fought … and won", Woolloomooloo Review, 2 parts: no 4 May 1990, no 5 Nov 1990. City of Sydney Archives. Also ephemera folders.

NW Expressway (late-1972 to 1975)

Excerpts from an article published in the Glebe Society Bulletin of November/December 2004. Complete set of Glebe Society Bulletins available for reading in the Glebe Library or See: The Glebe Society at

Waterloo (1972-3)

Lee Rhiannon and NSW Greens Party, Green bans: inspirational activism, 2016; Anne Summers (et al.), The little green book: the facts on green bans, 1973; Film: Tom Zubrycki, Waterloo, 1984.

Jeremy Fisher, Discrimination, Macquarie University (June 1973)

Liz Ross, Revolution is for Us: the Left and Gay Liberation in Australia. Interventions, 2013.

East End, Newcastle (August 1973)

Artworks and Publication: Therese Kenyon & others, East End project including a print set, 1985. Prints held at Newcastle Art Gallery. Documentary Film and Oral Histories held at Newcastle University Archive.

CML Building and Martin Place, Sydney (November 1973)

NSW State Arcives & Records, ‘The Colonial Mutual Life (CML) building’, n/d, <>.

Illawarra (South Coast Labor Council): Port Kembla and East Woonona (1973-75)

The Illawarra Mercury: Surfers fear black beach, 7 May 1974; Unions’ pledge to save beach, 8 May 1974; Building freeze proposal, 8 May 1974; High-rise protest: urgent talks at Woonona, 20 May 1974; North’s high-rise ‘freeze’ possible, 24 May 1974; Govt considers beach problem, 6 June 1974; AWU may join beach sand fight, 18 June 1974.

Sydney University Women’s Course (1973)

Lee Rhiannon and NSW Greens Party, Green bans: inspirational activism, 2016; Anne Summers (et al.), The little green book: the facts on green bans, 1973; Sydney University Forum on the green bans (speakers Kurt Iveson, Liz Jacka and Frank Stilwell), 2013; Alex Martinis-Roe, It was about opening the Very notion that there was a particular perspective, 2016-17. 5-channel video installation, The National, Art Gallery of NSW.





On the 50th anniversary of the Green Bans, the ideals of their struggle to protect heritage and environmental amenity for all to enjoy are more urgent than ever. In 2011 the Green Bans Art Walk and Exhibition (in two parts at The Cross Art Projects and The Firstdraft Depot Project Space), told the story of an inspired period, its charismatic leaders and grass-roots heroes. The project comprised a series of public guided walks between the exhibition venues functioned as a living instruction manual and moral compass charting stories of good and evil, creativity and conflict. Read more


The Powerhouse Museum Alliance is a group of concerned citizens working to save the Powerhouse Museum in Ultimo. The Alliance includes longstanding benefactors of the museum, former trustees, design and heritage experts and senior museum professionals. Read more